The Australian Kerosine and Oil Company began retorting
shale at Hartley Vale, New South Wales, producing kerosine
and making candles.
the 19th May Harold Crofton Sleigh (pronounced SLEE),
merchant and ship-owner was born in England.
Harold C Sleigh and John McIlwraith formed a partnership,
opening an office in Flinders Street, Melbourne.
R.W. Cameron and Co. begin operating in Australia
as agents for The Texas Oil Company.
The Colonial Oil Company,an
offshoot of Standard Oil, set up business as the first
motor spirit (petrol/gasoline) importing firm in Australia.
John Fell and Company is established
in Sydney, and being the production of
lubricants made from New South Wales shale
The Shell Transport and Trading Company, and the Royal
dutch Petroleum Company jointly establish the British
Imperial Oil Company Limited in Australia.
The Vacuum Oil Company take over the Australian operations
of the Colonial Oil Company.
The Neptune Oil Company is established to handle the
oil business developed by the Kitchen family.
H.C. Sleigh takes possesion of the first consignment
of Californian motor spirit imported into
Australia, it is marketed as "Golden Fleece".
C.C.Wakefield and Company Limited begin marketing
Castrol lubricants in Australia.
The Kitchen family interests , including the
Neptune Oil Company, are sold to the Lever Group.
The Texas Company Australasia Limited is incorporated
in New South Wales.
The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (or C.O.R.) is formed
by the Australian Federal Government and the
Anglo - Persian Oil Company as equal joint patrners.
The Atlantic Refining Company of Philadelphia appoints
Harrisons Ramsay Pty. Ltd. as their Australian agent
to market their Atlantic brand products.
The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.) new facility at
Laverton, Victoria comes on stream.
Neptune Oil installs their first
Company-owned pump at a multi-brand service station
in Hunter Street, Sydney.
UNION OIL OF CALIFORNIA appointed F.W.WILLIAMS AND
Company PTY.LTD. as AustraliaN agent to market UNION
motor spirit using the VENUS brand.
The Lever Group sell the Neptune Oil Company to the
Royal Dutch - Shell Group.
the end of 1927, to bring the Australian Company name
into line with its "SHELL" brand name , the British
Imperial Oil Company changes name to become the Shell
Company of Australia Limitied (incorporated in Great
The Vacuum Oil Company becomes the first oil Company
in Australia to appoint an aviation manager.
The Pacific Oil Company Limited is formed in Melbourne.
On the 24th April Harold Crofton Sleigh dies, and is
burined in Box Hill, Melbourne. His son Hamilton
Morton Sleigh assumes control
of the H. C. Sleigh partnership.
Alba Petroleum Company of Australia Pty. Ltd. is established
by P.J. Adams and A.G.Wales.
Standard Oil of New Jersey purchases the Atlantic Union
Company, continuing to use
the Atlantic brand name until the early
The Pacific Oil Company Ltd. merges with the Alba Petroleum
On the 23rd March the Australian Motorists Petrol Company
Limited (AMPOL) is incorporated in New South Wales
by William G. Walkley.
The Texas CCompany (Australasia) Limited becomes
part of the Caltex Group.
The Vacuum Oil Company introduces the
Flying Red Horse (or Pegasus) logo to Australia.
In February, the Australian Federal Government introduces
petrol rationing as an emergency wartime measure.
The name CALTEX is first used in Australia.
Pool Petroleum Pty. Ltd. is formed by importing companies
to handle wartime distribution of Petroleum products
ALBA Petroleum Company OF Australia was incorporated
into AustraliaN MOTORISTS PETROL Company.
H.C. Sleigh becomes a publicly listed Company, H.C. Sleigh
rationing is declared invalid by the Australian High
"Australian Motorists Petrol Company" changes
its name to AMPOL
Petrol rationing is lifted by the the newly elected
Australian Federal Government.
The Anglo - Iranian Oil Company (formerly the Anglo
- Persian Oil Company) buys out the Australian Government's
half share of The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.)
Santos is incorporated in South Australia.
The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.) name is changed
to BP Australia Limited.
The Kangaroo Petroleum Company Pty. Ltd. is formed
and begins operations in Victoria.
of Indiana commences marketing from AMOCO sevice stations
in the eastern mainland states and South Australia.
of New Jersey replaces the Atlantic sign
with the ESSO oval in their Australian service stations.
Phillips Petroleum commences
operations in northern New South Wales and Queensland
using the PHILLIPS 66 brand name.
Kangaroo Petroleum is aquired by H.C. Sleigh Limited.
opens a refinery at Bulwer Island, Brisbane.
Petroleum Pty. Ltd. begins marketing in
Phillips Petroleum withdraws from marketing
in Australia, it being taken
over by H.C.Sleigh - the marketer of Golden Fleece
Mid-year, the Independent Oil Co. Pty Ltd (IOC) begins
operations in Victoria.
was wound up.
Petroleum is founded in Western Australia.
buys the Golden Fleece petrol marketing
network from H.C.Sleigh.
Petroleum Limited buys the marketing and refining
assets of Total Australia Limited.
Matilda Fuel Supplies is established by Peter O'Keefe
buys the downstream assets of Amoco in Australia,
including the Bulwer Island oil refinery.
Limited acquires Solo Oil Limited, the largest
independent retailer and distributor in Australia.
aquires the downstream assets of Esso in Australia.
In May Caltex Australia Limited and Ampol Limited
merge their Petroleum refining and marketing assets.
In May, Liberty Oil is established, being fully owned
by partners David Goldberger and David Wieland.