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Petrol and Oil Company Timeline

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Petrol and Oil

1854


The Australian Kerosine and Oil Company began retorting shale at Hartley Vale, New South Wales, producing kerosine and making candles.

1867


On the 19th May Harold Crofton Sleigh (pronounced SLEE), merchant and ship-owner was born in England.

1895


In November Harold C Sleigh and John McIlwraith formed a partnership, opening an office in Flinders Street, Melbourne.

1900


R.W. Cameron and Co. begin operating in Australia as agents for The Texas Oil Company.

1901

The Colonial Oil Company,an offshoot of Standard Oil, set up business as the first motor spirit (petrol/gasoline) importing firm in Australia.

1902


John Fell and Company is established in Sydney, and being the production of lubricants made from New South Wales shale oil.

1905


The Shell Transport and Trading Company, and the Royal dutch Petroleum Company jointly establish the British Imperial Oil Company Limited in Australia.

1908


The Vacuum Oil Company take over the Australian operations of the Colonial Oil Company.

1909


The Neptune Oil Company is established to handle the oil business developed by the Kitchen family.

1913


H.C. Sleigh takes possesion of the first consignment of Californian motor spirit imported into Australia, it is marketed as "Golden Fleece".

1913

C.C.Wakefield and Company Limited begin marketing Castrol lubricants in Australia.

1914


The Kitchen family interests , including the Neptune Oil Company, are sold to the Lever Group.

1918


The Texas Company Australasia Limited is incorporated in New South Wales.

1920


The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (or C.O.R.) is formed by the Australian Federal Government and the Anglo - Persian Oil Company as equal joint patrners.

1924


The Atlantic Refining Company of Philadelphia appoints Harrisons Ramsay Pty. Ltd. as their Australian agent to market their Atlantic brand products.

1924


The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.) new facility at Laverton, Victoria comes on stream.

1924


Neptune Oil installs their first Company-owned pump at a multi-brand service station in Hunter Street, Sydney.

1925

: UNION OIL OF CALIFORNIA appointed F.W.WILLIAMS AND Company PTY.LTD. as AustraliaN agent to market UNION motor spirit using the VENUS brand.

1926


The Lever Group sell the Neptune Oil Company to the Royal Dutch - Shell Group.

1927


By the end of 1927, to bring the Australian Company name into line with its "SHELL" brand name , the British Imperial Oil Company changes name to become the Shell Company of Australia Limitied (incorporated in Great Britain).

1928


The Vacuum Oil Company becomes the first oil Company in Australia to appoint an aviation manager.

1932


The Pacific Oil Company Limited is formed in Melbourne.

1933


On the 24th April Harold Crofton Sleigh dies, and is burined in Box Hill, Melbourne. His son Hamilton Morton Sleigh assumes control of the H. C. Sleigh partnership.

1933


The Alba Petroleum Company of Australia Pty. Ltd. is established by P.J. Adams and A.G.Wales.

1933


Standard Oil of New Jersey purchases the Atlantic Union Company, continuing to use the Atlantic brand name until the early 1960 's.

1935


The Pacific Oil Company Ltd. merges with the Alba Petroleum Company.

1936


On the 23rd March the Australian Motorists Petrol Company Limited (AMPOL) is incorporated in New South Wales by William G. Walkley.

1936

The Texas CCompany (Australasia) Limited becomes part of the Caltex Group.

1939


The Vacuum Oil Company introduces the Flying Red Horse (or Pegasus) logo to Australia.

1940


In February, the Australian Federal Government introduces petrol rationing as an emergency wartime measure.

1941


The name CALTEX is first used in Australia.

1942


Pool Petroleum Pty. Ltd. is formed by importing companies to handle wartime distribution of Petroleum products within Australia.

1945


ALBA Petroleum Company OF Australia was incorporated into AustraliaN MOTORISTS PETROL Company.

1947


H.C. Sleigh becomes a publicly listed Company, H.C. Sleigh Limited.

1949


Petrol rationing is declared invalid by the Australian High Court.

1949


The "Australian Motorists Petrol Company" changes its name to AMPOL Petroleum Limited.

1950


Petrol rationing is lifted by the the newly elected Australian Federal Government.

1952


The Anglo - Iranian Oil Company (formerly the Anglo - Persian Oil Company) buys out the Australian Government's half share of The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.)

1954


Santos is incorporated in South Australia.

1957


The Commonwealth Oil Refineries (C.O.R.) name is changed to BP Australia Limited.

1959


The Kangaroo Petroleum Company Pty. Ltd. is formed and begins operations in Victoria.

1960


Standard Oil of Indiana commences marketing from AMOCO sevice stations in the eastern mainland states and South Australia.

1960


Standard Oil of New Jersey replaces the Atlantic sign with the ESSO oval in their Australian service stations.

1961


Phillips Petroleum commences operations in northern New South Wales and Queensland using the PHILLIPS 66 brand name.

1962


Kangaroo Petroleum is aquired by H.C. Sleigh Limited.

1965


AMOCO opens a refinery at Bulwer Island, Brisbane.

1966


XL Petroleum Pty. Ltd. begins marketing in Geelong, Victoria.

1967


In February, Phillips Petroleum withdraws from marketing in Australia, it being taken over by H.C.Sleigh - the marketer of Golden Fleece petrol.

1969


Mid-year, the Independent Oil Co. Pty Ltd (IOC) begins operations in Victoria.

1974


IOC was wound up.

1976


Gull Petroleum is founded in Western Australia.

1981

Caltex buys the Golden Fleece petrol marketing network from H.C.Sleigh.

1982


Ampol Petroleum Limited buys the marketing and refining assets of Total Australia Limited.

1982


Matilda Fuel Supplies is established by Peter O'Keefe in Queensland.

1984


BP buys the downstream assets of Amoco in Australia, including the Bulwer Island oil refinery.

1990


Ampol Limited acquires Solo Oil Limited, the largest independent retailer and distributor in Australia.

1990


Mobil aquires the downstream assets of Esso in Australia.

1995


In May Caltex Australia Limited and Ampol Limited merge their Petroleum refining and marketing assets.

1995


In May, Liberty Oil is established, being fully owned by partners David Goldberger and David Wieland.
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